Agra is a historic city of Uttar Pradesh situated on the banks of the Yamuna river in India. New Delhi
national capital of India is 206 kilometers south of Agra. As of for population Agra is the fourth-most
populous in Uttar Pradesh and 24th in India.
Because of its many Mughal-era buildings Agra is a major tourist destination, and also UNESCO marks
the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, and other Mughal empire architectures as World Heritage
Sites. Along with Delhi and Jaipur Agra is also admitted in the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, a tourist
circuit of Uttar Pradesh, the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc, and Lucknow and Varanasi.
History of Agra
Under the Mughal reign Agra was the capital of the Mughal Empires. At that time Agra was called
Akbarabad. It was Mughal’s passion for architecture, art and culture which added a new dimension to
Agra’s charm. Agra’s golden era started during Mughal reign rule besides having Persian gardens on the
banks of the Yamuna to monuments and mausoleums. Agra got his name when Maratha reign came into
the power berfore that at the time of Mughal Empire Agra used to known as Akbarabad. By 1803, British
Raj gained control over agra and they kept their strong hold until 1947, when India gained independence.
According to the belifes Agra was established much before despite the fact that Agra’s history is
generally linked with Mughal Empire, the city has connection with Mahabharat period. It is mostly
accepted that Muslim ruler of the Delhi Empire Sultan Sikandar Lodi, in the year of 1504 founded Agra.
After the Sultan Sikandar Lodi his son, Sultan Ibrahim Lodi came into the power. His reign came to an
end in 1526 when lost and died in First battle of Panipat to Mughal emperor Babar.
Under Mughal Reign
Under the Mughals reign Akbarabad was one of the most crucial cities in India, that was one of the
reason it endorsed with a lot of building activity. This great Mughal dynasty was founded by Sultan
Babar, he was the one who established the first formal Persian garden on the banks of river Yamuna and
named it the Aram Bagh or the Garden of Relaxation. Akbar the Great who was grandson of Sultan
Babar raised the towering ramparts of the Great Red Fort, and also focused on making Akbarabad a hub
for learning, arts, commerce and religion. Fatehpur Sikri was also founded by Sultan Akbar on the
outskirts of Akbarabad called . This city was built has a design of Mughal military camp in stone.
Jahangir who was the son of Akbar the Great, also had a test for gardens, flora and fauna and thus he
set up plenty of gardens inside the Red Fort or Lal Qil’a. Shah Jahan, is well known for his interest in
architecture, created Agra and India’s most cherish masterpiece, the Taj Mahal. He built it in loving
memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the mausoleum was completed in 1653. At Shah Jahan’s reign the
capital was shifted to the Delhi, but later his son Aurangzeb seized the empire by imprisoning his father
in the Fort and moved the capital back to Akbarabad, until he himself shifted it to Aurangabad in 1803.
Sooner After that Mughal Empirewas declined and the city came under the influence of Marathas and got
the name Agra, before falling into the hands of the British Rule in the same year.
Under British Rule
British formed the Presidency of Agra In 1835, and the city became the seat of government. After thet
the city gone through famine, named Agra famine(1837-38), Indian rebellion(1857) and many more
historic events until 1947 when India finaly got there independence.
Undoubtedly the most well-known masterpiece of Agra and India is the TajMahal. TajMahal is known as
the symbol of love and devotion. Shah Jahan built this amazing pice of architecture in the memories of
his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1653.
Now a days it’s the prime tourist attraction in Agra and also in India. It is also is the part of 7 wonders of
the world. TajMahal showcases the elegant architecture of Mughal . The Taj has done wonders to Agra
Tourism. Taj Mahal is a must visit place in Agra and we offer best deals on Taj Mahal Tour packages.
Besides the TajMahal, Agra Fort is among the other famous masterpieces of Agra. Agra fort was built by
Emperor Akbar in between 1565 to 1571. Agra Fort Built with red sandstone and is a great example of
mixture of Islamic and Hindu styles of architecture.Agra Tourism would never feel completed without
visiting this masterpiece.
Mughal Empress Noor Jahan built this tomb in the memory of her father Itmad-ud-Daulah in the years
1622-1628. It is a masterpiece of Islamic style architecture built with white marble.
Akbar’s son Jahangir took charge completed the construction in 1605–1613 after Akbar planned the
tomb and selected a suitable site for it. The tomb of the great Mughal emperor and founder Akbar is
This city was founded by the great mughal emperor Akbar. Fatehpur Sikri is home to Jodha Bai’s palace,
Jama Mosque, Buland Darwaza, and a Tomb of Salim Chisti among many other famous monuments.
How to Reach
By Air – It takes only 12.5 kilometers to reach Agra’s Kheria Airport from the city center. It is a seasonal
commercial airport, you can get Air India flight from New Delhi.
By Road – Agra is accessible from all the major cities of India by road.
By Train – Agra has four main railway stations named the Agra Cantonment, Agra Fort, Idgah Agra
junction and Raja ki Mandi. The stations are well connected to the major cities of India.
Best Time to Visit
Summer will be least enjoyable time to visit Agra as summer season in Agra stretches from April to July
and is associated with searing heat, accompanied by hot, blowing winds.
Though Monsoon brings little bit comfort in the weather still it won’t be either as you have to carry
umbrella or a raincoat for through out the tour.
November will a ideal time to visit this Historic city as it be pleasent at this time to go out for sightseeing.
Although January feels chilly so don’t forget take your warm cloths.