Dooars, means doors or ‘gate of entrance’. Dooars is the medium of communication between India and Bhutan. This region is the gateway to Bhutan and northeast India. The average height of this region is 1000 meters. The Dooars region comprises with Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar and Koch Bihar of West Bengal and Dhubri, Kokhara, Barpeta and Golpara of Assam.
The major rivers are Tista, Torsa, Jaldhaka, Mahananda, Kaljani, Balasan etc. All the rivers hold water all the year because these are coming from Himalaya and nourished in the icy cold water of Himalaya.
It is the place of black and moist soil, and it is good for cultivating tea and orange. Beautiful tea gardens are seen all around in Dooars.
The beauty of Dooars not only lies in its tea gardens, but also in the deep, green jungles. Wildlife sanctuaries like Jaldapara National Park, Gorumara National Park, Buxa National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Reserve Manas National Park and Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary in this region of West Bengal. This forest is the main homeland of Indian rhinos, elephants, peacocks and deers as well, due to deep green forest. Besides, various types of fox, cheetah and ferocious tigers also seen here. The beauty can also be enjoyed from train on the way to Alipurduar from New Jalpaiguri. This Railway track passed through the dense Gulma forest and Sevoke forest.
The summer temperatures vary between 31.6 ° C (maximum) and 21.3 ° C (minimum) and in winter temperatures remain between 20.6 ° C (maximum) and 10.7 ° C (minimum). The region receives the highest rainfall during July – August. Though the best time to visit the Doors is between September and May, Dooars can be visited any time of the year.
Tourists and nature lovers have been exploring the area for years, though organized tourism in the Dooars is only in the late twentieth century. Over the past two decades, tourism has grown with leaps. Dooars tourism is mainly dependent on wildlife and forest.
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Jaldapara national park is one of the major tourist attraction in Dooars. It belongs to the district Alipurduar. In 1941 it was announced as a sanctuary for the conservation of wildlife animals. The main attraction of the park is the Indian one-horned rhinos. This park has India’s largest rhino population after the Kaziranga National Park in Assam. Other animals in the park include Indian leopards, Indian elephants, sambar, bark deer, hog deer, spotted deer, wild boar and many more. Jaldapara is a paradise for bird watchers. It is one of the very few places in India, where Bengal Florican is seen. Other birds like jungle fowl, peacock, partridge, hornbill crested eagle, Pallas’s fish eagle etc. are found.
In Gorumara, people mainly gather for safari, riding on back of elephant. And forest department also has special vehicles for safari purpose. You have to book your Forest Safari from the Forest Department. Irresponsible activity can be illegal as well as dangerous here.
Chukchuki bird watching center is located at the border of Gorumara National Park. The Chukchuki Watch Tower is the perfect place to visit and take pictures of birds of Gorumara National Park. There are many migratory birds that often visit during the season.
Chapramari forest is in the Dooars area of north Bengal. Gorumara is a national park, but Chapramari forest is just a wildlife sanctuary. There are many safaris that take tourists inside the forest.
Chilapata Forest is about 22 km from Alipurduar and a few minutes from the city of Hasimara. The nature is rich in wildlife and a wide variety of plants and trees. This forest was home to great big rhinoceros. It is situated in natural beauty and has rivers and mountains around it.
Buxa Fort is famous for the wreckage of detention camps, used by the British Government to detain our country’s freedom fighters. Buxa Fort is located 867 meters high on the Buxa Tiger Reserve in Alipurduar. Buxa Fort is about 30 km from Alipurduar city. Buxa Fort is one of the main attractions of the Buxa Tiger Reserve.
Khayerbari is about 10 km away from Madarihat railway station. Khayerbari is known primarily as the “Royal Bengal Tiger and Leopard” rescue center. Khayerbari Nature Park is a tiger rescue center 15 km from Jaldapara. The park is designed for the treatment and rehabilitation of leopards and tigers. Leopards and tigers are kept in a natural environment in this park. To maintain the natural atmosphere clean, battery cars are used here for safari.
Near Gorumara, there was a small village called Lataguri. Tourism around the Gorumara forest began in Lataguri and its area, though there are a large number of tourist accommodation around the forest.
Mongpong is a small hill village located on the high bank of the Tista and is famous for its magnificent views of the Mongpong Forest. It is an ideal destination like trekking, hiking, bird watching etc. for adventure seekers.
Lepchakha village is a small village Inside the Buxa on a hill top. The main attraction of Lepchakha is the view from the top of the hill which is fascinating. This village is mainly known to trekkers and adventure lovers.
If you want to visit a bit of Bhutan or want to know the lifestyle of Bhutanese people just go to Phuentsholing. It is the border of India and Bhutan. It is the gateway of Bhutan and main trading point. Permission papers for going inside of Bhutan, is made here in immigration office near Bhutan Gate.
There are many more amazing things available for sightseeing in Dooars.